Deduction of Principal Component and Interest Paid on Housing Loan


A very important measure to be kept in mind while taking a Home Loan is the Tax Benefit on Home Loan. To explain the Tax Benefit on Home Loan, we would be dividing the Repayment of Home Loan into 2 components:-

  1. Repayment of the Principal Amount (Section 80C)
  2. Repayment of the Interest on Home Loan (Section 24)

Deduction on interest under Section 24:

The payment of interest is allowed as a deduction under Section 24 of the Income Tax Act.

The tax is deducted on an accrual basis. Maximum tax deduction allowed under Section 24 is Rs.2 lakh. This can be claimed on yearly basis even if no payments have been made during that year. If the house is not constructed within 3 years from the end of the financial year that the loan was taken, you will be allowed to claim only Rs.30,000 as deduction.

If loan is taken to repair, reconstruct or renew your house, then you won’t get any tax deductions on the interest paid. If the interest for the loan taken to purchase or construct the house has been paid before the house has been completed, then the aggregate of the amount is allowed for deduction in 5 equal instalments for 5 successive financial years.

Deduction on principal repayment under Section 80C:

The component of your EMI which goes towards the principal is eligible to be claimed under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act. A maximum of Rs. 1.5 lakh can be claimed as deduction under Section 80C. The tax deduction is on the payment basis irrespective of the year for which the payment has been made. The amount paid towards stamp duty charges and registration fees is allowed for deduction under Section 80C.

Here we are also describing different scenarios of taking Home Loan and its its tax benefits-

Case 1: If you are repaying the Home Loan under EMI Plan:

In the event you are repaying the home loan under EMI plan, you will be eligible to claim both the interest and principal component on the payment you make during that year.

Deductions can be claimed as followed:

  • The interest paid up to Rs.2 lakh or the actual amount that you have repaid can be claimed as deduction under Section 24 of the Income Tax Act. The deduction on interest can be claimed only when you have the possession of the house.
  • Principal amount that you pay can be claimed to the maximum of Rs.1,50,000 under Section 80C. The limit across all investments under Section 80C is capped to a maximum of Rs.1,50,000.
  • Stamp duty charges and registration charges are eligible for deductions under Section 80C. This can be availed for the year in which you make the payment.
  • Processing fee for the sanctioned loan, prepayment charges and service fee is eligible for deductions under Section 24 of the IT Act.

Case 2: If you have let-out your Property:

If you decide to let out the property, the treatment for principal amount repaid stays the same. But the interest paid can be completely claimed as deduction. There is no cap of Rs.2 lakh on rented property. Let-out property can claim deduction for loan taken for repairs, renewal and reconstruction without a limit.

Case 3: When the House is Owned and Self-Occupied by more than one Person

Most people opt to take a joint loan as it increases the loan amount eligibility. If you have taken a home loan along with your wife who is working then you both can claim separate deductions in your ITR. The deductions can be claimed in the ratio of ownership.

Case 4: If you have two Home Loans:

If you have multiple home loans, then you can avail tax benefits. But the benefits available towards principal repayment is limited to Rs.1,50,000. The interest paid on loan is eligible for deduction up to Rs.2 lakh under Section 24. There is no cap of Rs.2 lakh under Section 24 if the house is let-out. One of your property can be chosen as self-occupied and the other will be considered as let-out property.

The above mentioned points are a brief about the tax benefits of home loan. Centrik will be help you in analysing these points in detailed and help you in paying less tax.


Note – Please note that the above article is for education purpose only. This is based on our interpretation of laws which may differ person to person. Readers are expected to verify the facts and laws.

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